Taijin Kyofu-sho (TKS) is a culture bound syndrome in Japan and Asia
Taijin Kyofu-sho (TKS) is a culture bound syndrome in Japan and Asia that consists of an intense fear of offending, embarrassing or hurting others through improper or awkward social behaviour, movements, appearance or body odour.
The Japanese diagnostic system distinguishes four types of TKS: a fear of blushing, of eye-to-eye contact, of having a deformed body, and emitting a foul body odour.
In a survey of individuals with TKS it was found that the most common was fear of blushing, followed by a fear of appearing tense, of emitting a body odour, of having a blemish or physical deformity (which would be regarded internationally as BDD or in Japanese “shubo-kyofu”).
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